Stormy weather within NGC 3783 ! Chandra detected 1 million mph wind expanding from vicinity of a black hole

(NASA News 25 may 2000)

NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has examined the stormy environs of a giant black hole in the active galaxy NGC 3783 and measured the dramatic effects of intense radiation produced by matter before it plunges into the black hole. This radiation heats surrounding gas and drives a million mile per hour wind away from the crushing grip of the black hole's gravity.

A team of researchers used the High Energy Transmission Grating in combination with the CCD X-ray camera aboard Chandra to study the properties of the wind. "X-ray observations allow astronomers to probe these extremely powerful gas flows that have been suspected to exist, but have been impossible to study precisely before," said Professor Niel Brandt, of Pennsylvania State University, University Park, one of the leaders of the team.

Researchers also obtained X-ray spectrum of the phenomenon. "This is the most detailed X-ray spectrum ever taken of a galaxy with an active black hole," said Dr. Shai Kaspi, also of Penn State. "It reveals that the wind contains oxygen, neon, magnesium, silicon, sulfur, argon, and iron." An analysis of the wind by team member Professor Hagai Netzer of Tel-Aviv University in Israel, showed that the wind almost completely surrounds the black hole.

The event horizon of the central black hole in NGC 3783 has a diameter about a hundred times that of the sun, but it produces more radiation than a billion suns as gas is sucked into the black hole at nearly the speed of light. A portion of this powerful radiation is absorbed by gas that surrounds the black hole. Electrons in the gas are boosted from low to high-energy states, and some are ripped from their atoms. The gas is heated to a hundred thousand degrees Celsius or more and driven away from the black hole into the galaxy.

Images associated with this release are available on the web at: and

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Yves, Cons. Gen. UFOCOM

May 2000

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